SOUTHERN BLACKHAW
File Size: 83 KB
 
Viburnum rufidulum  Raf.
Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Height: Shrubs, to 10 feet
Family: Adoxaceae - Moschatel Family
Flowering Period:   April, May
Also Called: Wild raisin.
Trunks: Stems erect; branches unarmed; bark dark gray to grayish black, fissures shallow, ridges blocky, flat; wood reddish brown, hard.
Twigs: Brown to grayish brown, rigid, densely rusty-tomentose initially, glabrescent; leaf scars crescent-shaped; buds reddish brown, ovoid, .2 to .3 inch, apex acute, scales densely stellate-pubescent.
Leaves: Deciduous, opposite, simple; petiole .2 to .5 inch, sparsely to densely rusty stellate-pubescent; blade ovate to obovate or broadly elliptic, 1.6 to 3.2 inch long, 1.2 to 2.4 inch wide, base cuneate to rounded, margins finely serrate to serrulate, apex acute to rounded or emarginate, lower surface light green to light yellowish green, densely stellate-pubescent initially, eventually sparsely stellate-pubescent, upper surface dark green, sparsely rusty stellate-pubescent along midrib.
Flowers: Inflorescences terminal on new growth, cymes, rounded to flat-topped, 2.4 to 3.6 inches wide, 50-150-flowered; peduncles 0 to .24 inch, glabrous; pedicels .12 to .2 inch, glabrate. Flower bisexual, radially symmetric; hypanthium green, cylindric, .06 to .08 inch; sepals 5, connate proximally, lobes triangular; petals 5, connate proximally, corolla rotate, lobes white, elliptic, .1 to .14 inch; stamens 5; pistil 1; style 1, ca. 08 inch; stigma 3-4-lobed.
Fruit: September-October; drupes, bluish purple to bluish black, ellipsoid to ovoid, slightly compressed, .5 to .6 inch long, .35 to .43 inch wide, glabrous, glaucous; stone 1, brown, ovate, strongly compressed, .35 to .43 inch long, .24 to .3 inch wide, rough.
Habitat: Floodplain and upland forests and woodlands, rocky hillsides, roadsides.
Distribution: East 1/2 of Kansas, principally in the southeast quarter
Origin: Native

Southern blackhaw leaf
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Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Southern blackhaw bark
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Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Southern blackhaw habit
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Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Southern blackhaw inflorescence
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Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Southern blackhaw inflorescence
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Wildcat Glades, Newton County, Missouri
Southern blackhaw flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Southern blackhaw leaves
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Riley County, Kansas
Southern blackhaw buds
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Riley County, Kansas
Southern blackhaw fruit
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Riley County, Kansas
Southern blackhaw fruit
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Riley County, Kansas
Southern blackhaw bud opening
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Riley County, Kansas