File Size: 74 KB
Ampelopsis cordata  Michx.
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Height: Vines to 35 feet long
Family: Vitaceae - Grape Family
Flowering Period:   May, June, July
Also Called: False-grape.
Trunks: Stems climbing or clambering; branches unarmed, tendrils long, branched; bark reddish brown to brown, fissured, ridges long; wood white, soft.
Twigs: Green or yellowish green, flexible, glabrous; leaf scars crescent-shaped to nearly round; pith white; buds concealed beneath bark.
Leaves: Deciduous, alternate, simple; petiole 1.2 to 2.4 inches, glabrous or sparsely pubescent distally; blade ovate, 2.8 to 4.4 inches long, 2.4 to 3.6 inches wide, base truncate to nearly cordate, margins irregularly and coarsely serrate, unlobed or shallowly 3-lobed, apex acute to acuminate, lower surfaces light green, sparsely pubescent along veins, upper surfaces green to yellowish green, glabrous.
Flowers: Inflorescences opposite leaves on new growth, cymes, 30-140-flowered, spreading, 1.6 to 4.8 inches; peduncle .8 to 2.4 inches, glabrous; pedicels .12 to .16 inch, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals 5, connate, lobes green to greenish white, indistinct, reduced to a minute rim; petals 5, distinct, white or green, ovate, .08 to .1 inch; stamens 5, to .1 inch; pistil 1, ovary superior, 2-locular; style 1; stigma 1, lobed.
Fruit: August-September; berries, initially green, turning orange, pink, and eventually turquoise-blue, depressed-globose, .28 to .4 inch diam., pustular-dotted, not glaucous, glabrous, flesh milky; seeds 1-4, reddish brown to yellowish brown, broadly ovoid to more or less spherical, .18 to .2 inch, 2-groved adaxially, ridged medially across distal end.
Habitat: Rocky wooded hillsides, stream valleys, thickets, fencerows.
Distribution: East 2/3 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Comments: Ampelopsis cordata is sometimes mistaken for a Vitis, but the turquoise, pink, or orange fruits in cymose clusters and leaf blades with truncate or semicordate bases readily distinguish it from our grape species. The Cherokee took an infusion of bark for urinary problems.

Raccoon-grape fruit
38 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Raccoon-grape bark
67 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Raccoon-grape leaf
75 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Raccoon-grape habit
100 KB
Geary County, Kansas
Raccoon-grape leaves
87 KB
Craig Freeman photo; location unknown
Raccoon-grape flowers
73 KB
Craig Freeman photo; location unknown
Raccoon-grape fruit
44 KB
Bourbon County, Kansas