File Size: 64 KB
Ilex decidua  Walt.
Riley County, Kansas
Height: Shrubs or trees to 16 feet
Family: Aquifoliaceae - Holly Family
Flowering Period:   April, May
Also Called: Possum-haw.
Trunks: Dioecious; stems or trunk erect; branches unarmed; bark light brown to gray, smooth except for warty lenticels; wood light yellow, hard.
Twigs: Light gray, flexible, glabrous; leaf scars half-round; pith yellowish brown to tan; buds grayish brown, ovoid, .05 to .06 inch, apex obtuse to acute, scales glabrous.
Leaves: Deciduous, alternate, simple; petiole .08 to .28 inch; blade obovate to spatulate, 1.2 to 3 inches long, .4 to 1.2 inch wide, base attenuate to wedge-shaped; margins crenulate to serrulate, rounded to obtuse; lower surfaces light green, pubescent, especially along veins, upper surfaces dark green, glabrous.
Flowers: Inflorescences terminal on short shoots, staminate fascicles, 2-12-flowered, pistillate fascicles 26-flowered; pedicels .16 to .4 inch. Flowers unisexual, radially symmetric; sepals connate proximally, lobes ovate, .02 to .03 inch; petals connate proximally, lobes white to light yellow, ovate to obovate, .08 to .16 inch; staminate: calyx and corolla lobes 4-5; stamens 4-5; pistillate: calyx and corolla lobes (4-)5, staminodes (4-)5; pistils 1, ovary superior, 2-5-locular; style absent or minute; stigma capitate.
Fruit: October-November; drupes, bright red to orange, nearly globose, .24 to .35 inch long, .2 to .3 inch wide; stones 4, tan, angular, .16 to .2 inch long, .08 to .14 inch wide, longitudinally ribbed.
Habitat: Floodplain forests and woodlands, swamps, stream banks, glades, rocky woodlands and ridges.
Distribution: Southeast 1/4 of Kansas
Origin: Native

Deciduous holly habit
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Riley County, Kansas
Deciduous holly flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Deciduous holly leaves
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Riley County, Kansas
Deciduous holly bark
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Riley County, Kansas
Deciduous holly buds
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Riley County, Kansas
Deciduous holly fruit
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Deciduous holly fruit
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Riley County, Kansas