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Tephrosia virginiana   (L. ) Pers.
Ottawa County, Kansas
Height: 8-28 inches
Family: Fabaceae - Bean Family
Flowering Period:   June, July
Also Called: Virginia tephrosia, catgut.
Stems: Erect, 1 to several, mostly unbranched, hairy.
Leaves: Alternate, short-stalked, odd-pinnately compound, 2 to 6 inches long; leaflets 7-31, elliptic to linear-oblong, .5 to 1.25 inch long, to 1/3 inch wide, short-hairy or glabrous above, long-hairy below; margins entire; tips with short, abrupt points.
Inflorescences: Racemes, pyramid-shaped, 1 to 4 inches long, mostly terminal.
Flowers: Calyces bell-shaped, densely silky; corollas papilionaceous, to 3/4 inch long, banner lemon yellow outside, white within, wings and keel rose or pink, all petals fading brownish; stamens 10, filaments united.
Fruits: Pods, 1 to 2 inch long, flattened, slightly curved, sparsely velvety; seeds 6-11, kidney-shaped, dark spotted.
Habitat: Prairies, roadsides, and open woodlands, most abundant in sandy soils.
Distribution: East half of Kansas.
Forage Value: Virginia tephrosia is nutritious and palatable to livestock. It disappears in grazed areas but increases rapidly on summer-rested rangeland. Bobwhite quail and wild turkey consume the seeds.
Uses: This plant was used medicinally by Native Americans to treat rheumatism, pulmonary problems, and hair loss. The roots contain rotenone, which has insecticidal properties. Folklore describes making a tea of goat's rue and pouring it on other plants to kill bugs.

Goat's rue flower
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Ottawa County, Kansas
Goat's rue inflorescence
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Ottawa County, Kansas
Goat's rue
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Ottawa County, Kansas
Goat's rue pods
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Ottawa County, Kansas
Goat's rue leaves
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Ottawa County, Kansas
Goat's rue
69 KB
Reno County, Kansas