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Chenopodium incanum   (S. Wats. ) A. Heller
Grant County, Kansas (Marion McGlohon photo)
Height: 2-32 inches
Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth Family
Flowering Period:   July, August, September
Stems: Spreading to erect, simple or branched from base, covered with a mealy powder.
Leaves: Cauline, alternate; petiole .2 to .4 inch; blade broadly triangular to ovate, .4 to 1 inch long, .2 to .6 inch wide, 3-veined from base, base cuneate to truncate, margins usually with 2 basal teeth, apex obtuse to acute, surfaces covered with a mealy powder.
Inflorescences: Small, dense, head-like clusters of minute flowers in terminal and axillary panicles.
Flowers: Tepals 5, distinct nearly to base, lobes ovate, ca. .04 inch, sometimes keeled along midvein at maturity, completely covering fruit at maturity; stamens 5; styles 2; stigmas 2.
Fruits: Utricles, ovoid; pericarp nonadherent, smooth. Seeds black, lenticular, .04 to .05 inch wide.
Habitat: Shortgrass prairies
Distribution: Principally the west half of Kansas
Origin: Native
Uses: Native Americans in the Southwest cooked the young sprouts and leaves as greens and ground the seeds for food (Moerman 1998).
Comments: Chenopodium incanum apparently once was widespread in the western third of Kansas. However, of 34 counties where it has been documented, collections from 19 counties were made prior to 1900. Kansas plants belong to var. incanum.

Hoary goosefoot
163 KB
Grant County, Kansas (Marion McGlohon photo)