File Size: 42 KB
Silene antirrhina  L.
Russell County, Kansas
Height: 4-32 inches
Family: Caryophyllaceae - Pink Family
Flowering Period:   April, May, June
Stems: Erect, simple or branched above, glabrate or puberulent, distal internodes usually with dark sticky bands.
Leaves: Opposite; stipules absent; petiole absent; blade oblanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, elliptic, or linear, .4 to 3.5 inches long, .08 to .6, base acuminate, tip acute to acuminate, surfaces scabrous to puberulent, rarely glabrous.
Inflorescences: Cymes, terminal and sometimes axillary, open or dense. Pedicels ascending to erect, .16 to 1 inch.
Flowers: Bisexual; calyx campanulate to ovate, .2 to .35 inch tall, .12 to .2 inch wide; sepals 5, connate proximally, forming long tube; lobes triangular; petals 5, rarely 0, white to pale pink or red, .3 to .35 inch, limb ovate, apex bifid; stamens 10; styles 3.
Fruits: Capsules .2 to .28 inch, dehiscent by 6 teeth; seeds reddish brown or grayish black, tiny, tuberculate.
Habitat: Fields, pastures, old fields, roadsides, sandy tallgrass and mixed-grass prairies, waste places
Distribution: Throughout Kansas
Origin: Native
Comments: Silene, possibly from Silenus, companion of Bacchus, portrayed as drunken and driveling saliva, perhaps alluding to the sticky secretions of stems and calyces of many species and antirrhina, genus Antirrhinum, for the resemblance of the leaves.

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