File Size: 35 KB
Melothria pendula  L.
Bourbon County, Kansas
Height: Vine 2-14 feet long
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Gourd Family
Flowering Period:   June, July, August, September
Stems: Slender, climbing, trailing, or clambering, glabrous or hispid; tendrils unbranched.
Leaves: Cauline, alternate, simple; petiole present; blade nearly entire or 3-5-angled or 3-5-lobed, 1.2 to 3.2 inches long, .6 to 2.8 inches wide, surfaces glabrous or hispid, lobes obtuse to acute, margins dentate to serrate.
Inflorescences: Staminate flowers in racemes or umbel-like cymes; pistillate flowers usually solitary; pistillate peduncle .6 to 1.8 inch.
Flowers: Hypanthium bell-shaped; calyx lobes 5, triangular; corolla yellow to orange yellow, wheel-shaped to bell-shaped, .01 to .02 long, .2 to .4 inch wide, petals 5; ovary glabrous; stamens 5; pistil 1; style 1; stigmas 2-3.
Fruits: Pepos, green, often mottled with light green or white patches, sometimes turning purple, ellipsoid to nearly globose, indehiscent, .03 to 1 inch long, .03 to .6 inch wide, glabrous; seeds 30-60, ovate to elliptic, .08 to .16 inch, flattened, smooth.
Habitat: Floodplain forests, stream banks, roadsides, thickets, fencerows, and disturbed areas
Distribution: Southern counties of southeastern 1/4 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Comments: Melothria, an ancient name for a fruiting vine and pendula, hanging down.

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