File Size: 117 KB
Artemisia dracunculus  L.
Saline County, Kansas
Height: 20-60 inches
Family: Asteraceae - Sunflower Family
Flowering Period:   August, September
Also Called: Tarragon.
Stems: Erect, simple or branched, mostly glabrous.
Leaves: Mostly cauline, alternate; blade linear to linear-lanceolate, .8 to 3 inches long, .04 to .25 inch wide, margins entire or irregularly 3-5-lobed, surfaces glabrous.
Inflorescences: Heads discoid, in panicle-like arrays 4 to 20 inches.
Flowers: Involucres globose, .08 to .12 inch wide. Phyllaries 5-20 in 2-3 series, lanceolate, glabrous. Receptacles convex to conic. Ray florets 0. Disk florets 10--50, not all fertile; peripheral florets 6-25, pistillate; central florets 8-20, staminate; corolla yellow, .05 to .08 inch.
Fruits: Achenes tan to grayish brown, fusiform, minute, usually glabrous; pappus absent.
Habitat: Sandy to gravelly mixed-grass and shortgrass prairies.
Distribution: Principally west 1/2 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Uses: The leaves are used as the cooking herb tarragon. Native Americans took a tea of the roots for colds, dysentery and infant colic; applied the dried, powdered foliage to open sores; burned the plant to repel mosquitoes; and used the seeds for food.
Comments: For Artemis, Greek goddess of hunting, wilderness, and wild animals.

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