COCK-SPUR HAWTHORN
File Size: 76 KB
 
Crataegus crus-galli  L.
Clay County, Kansas
Height: To 32 feet
Family: Rosaceae - Rose Family
Flowering Period:   April, May
Trunks: Stems or trunk ascending to erect; branches armed, thorns dark gray to black, plus or minus recurved, 1.2 to 2.8 inches; bark dark brown, fissures shallow, ridges short, scaly, peeling and often exfoliating in plates.
Twigs: Light brown to gray or dark gray, rigid, glabrous; leaf scars crescent-shaped; buds reddish brown, ovoid, .06 to .12 inch, apex obtuse, scales glabrous.
Leaves: Deciduous, alternate, simple; petiole 0 to .2 inch, glabrous; blade spatulate to oblanceolate or elliptic, .8 to 2.8 inches long, .4 to 1 inch wide, leathery, base attenuate, margins minutely toothed to crenate, veins 4-7 per side, apex acute to obtuse, lower surface green, glabrous, upper surface dark green, shiny, glabrous or glabrescent.
Flowers: Inflorescences terminal from new growth, racemes, (3-)6-12(-15)-flowered; pedicels .28 to .4 inch, glabrous. Flowersbisexual, radially symmetric, .5 to .68 inch diameter; hypanthium obconic, glabrous; sepals 5, spreading, triangular, .2 to .24 inch; petals 5, white, elliptic to obovate, .28 to .3 inch; stamens 10 or 20; anthers white to pink or red; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-2(-3)-locular, partially adnate to hypanthium; styles 1-2(-3), connate proximally, .16 to .2 inch; stigmas as many as styles, capitate.
Fruit: September to October; pomes, red, nearly spherical, .3 to .55 inch diameter, glabrous, more or less glaucous; sepals persistent; stones 1-3, yellowish brown, wedge-shaped, .24 to .35 × .16 to .24 inch.
Habitat: Upland forests, woodland edges, glades, rocky pastures.
Distribution: East 1/4 of Kansas
Origin: Native.
Comments: Crataegus crus-galli is among the most abundant hawthorns in North America. It is a widely planted ornamental, and thorn-less cultivars are available.

Cock-spur hawthorn habit
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn branches
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn inflorescence
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn leaf and thorn
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn fruit
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn bark
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn buds
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn fruit
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Clay County, Kansas
Cock-spur hawthorn leaves
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Clay County, Kansas