BRISTLY GREENBRIER
File Size: 82 KB
 
Smilax tamnoides  L.
[=Smilax hispida Muhl. ex  Torr.]
Geary County, Kansas
Height: Vine to 40 feet long
Family: Smilacaceae - Catbrier Family
Flowering Period:   May
Trunks: Vines; stems perennial, climbing, branching, glabrous, with prickles dense on lower portion of stem, gradually decreasing and often without prickles above; prickles nearly black, unequal, 1/8 to 2/5+ inch long, straight, slender; prickle bases barely enlarged.
Twigs: Green with minute whitish dots; young prickles yellowish, older prickles black. Buds green, conical, pointed, hidden by old leaf base.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, deciduous; petiole 2/5 to 1 inch, glabrous, often twisted; stipules sometimes prolonged into 2 tendrils; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2 to 5.5 inches long, 1.6 to 4 inches wide, 5 main veins, base heart-shaped to rounded, margins entire apically, minutely toothed basally, upper surface dark green, glabrous, shiny, lower surface paler, glabrous, tip pointed.
Flowers: Dioecious; umbels, many, axillary to leaves, 10-25-flowered; peduncle often drooping, 3/5 to 2.6 inch; perianth green to bronze; tepals 6, linear, 1/6 to 1/5 inch, recurved, tip finely pubescent; stamens 6; anthers yellow.
Fruit: In October; drooping spherical clusters, open or compact; fruits berries, blusih-black, spherical, 1/4 to 2/5 inch diameter, smooth; seeds 1-2, dark red, spherical or flattened on 1 side, ca. 1/5 inch, smooth. glossy.
Habitat: Woods, thickets, stream banks
Distribution: East 2/3 of Kansas
Origin: Native

Bristly greenbrier leaf
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier stem
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier tendril
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier
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Cowley County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier
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Cowley County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier bud
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier bud
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier bud
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Geary County, Kansas
Bristly greenbrier
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Geary County, Kansas