SHINGLE OAK
File Size: 70 KB
 
Quercus imbricaria  Michx.
Riley County, Kansas
Height: Erect, diameter 1-2 feet; crown open, ro
Family: Fagaceae - Oak Family
Flowering Period:   April, May
Also Called: Laurel oak.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, deciduous, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 3.2 to 8 inches long, 3/5 to 3 inches wide, usually widest near middle, leathery, shiny; upper surface dark green, glabrous; lower surface paler, sparsely pubescent; margins entire; tip pointed, with awn; base rounded or tapering; stalk stout, 1/4 to 4/5 inch long; leaves turn dark red to orange-brown in late autumn and remain on tree into early winter.
Fruit: Autumn of second year (biennial); acorns, solitary or in pairs, somewhat top-shaped; stalk stout, 1.2 inch long; cup about 2/5 inch tall, 1/2 to 3/5 inch wide, enclosing 1/3 to 1/2 of nut; scales few, broad, reddish-brown, downy; nut dome-shaped, about 1/2 inch long, 1/2 to 3/5 inch in diameter, dark brown, frequently with fine longitudinal ridges, velvety-hairy; kernel bitter, not edible.
Habitat: Upland woods, ravines, floodplains, stream banks, borders of prairies; moderately dry to moderately moist soils.
Distribution: East 1/4 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Uses: Ornamental shade tree. The wood was used for shingles, furniture, lumber, firewood, and wagon spokes. Native Americans chewed the bark for mouth sores, steeped the bark and applied the liquid to chapped skin and took it for asthma. The leaves were wrapped around dough when making bread.
Comments: The common name refers to the wood being used for shingles. Shingle oak is not common in Kansas. It is our only Kansas oak with entire leaf margins. The wood is hard, heavy, coarse-grained, pale reddish-brown with lighter colored sapwood.

Shingle oak flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak leaves
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak leaves
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak bark
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak fruit
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak fruit
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak buds
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak pistillate flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak pistillate flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak staminate flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak staminate flowers
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Riley County, Kansas
Shingle oak bark
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Johnson County, Kansas