AMERICAN GERMANDER
File Size: 85 KB
 
Teucrium canadense  L.
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Perennial
Height: 1-4 feet
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint Family
Flowering Period:   June, July, August, September
Also Called: Wood sage.
Stems: Erect, 4-sided, simple or sparingly branched, soft-hairy.
Leaves: Opposite, short-stalked, lanceolate to ovate, 1.5 to 6 inches long, .5 to 2.5 inches wide, lightly hairy or nearly glabrous above, densely whitish gray pubescent below; margins irregularly toothed; tips pointed.
Inflorescences: Spikes, 3 to 12 inches long, terminal, numerous 2-6-flowered, whorl-like clusters.
Flowers: Calyces 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed, often purplish, variously hairy; corollas 2-lipped, 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, rose, pink, or lavender with darker spots, upper lip cleft, lobes erect, lower lip prominent, 3-lobed; stamens 4.
Fruits: Nutlets, 4, egg-shaped, glabrous, wrinkled, pale brown, 1-seeded.
Habitat: Open or shaded moist sites, thickets, ditches, low areas in pastures, and stream banks.
Distribution: Principally east 2/3 of Kansas.
Forage Value: Prairie chickens will eat the nutlets.
Comments: American germander forms colonies by rhizomes.

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