COMMON GROUND-CHERRY
File Size: 44 KB
 
Physalis longifolia  Nutt.
Sandsage Bison Range, Finney County, Kansas
Perennial
Height: 16-32 inches
Family: Solanaceae - Nightshade Family
Flowering Period:   May, June, July, August, September
Stems: Erect, branched distally, glabrate or with simple, non-glandular, antrorse hairs.
Leaves: Cauline, alternate; petiole .4 to 2.4 inches; blade lanceolate, elliptic, or narrowly rhombic, lanceolate-ovate, or ovate, 1 to 6 inches long, .3 to 2.2 inches wide, base cuneate, margins entire or sinuate-dentate, apex obtuse.
Inflorescences: Axillary, 1-flowered.
Flowers: Radially symmetric, nodding at flowering; pedicels .2 to .6 inch in flower, .4 to 1 inch in fruit; calyx campanulate, .4 to .6 inch, sparsely antrorsely appressed-pubescent proximally, sometimes nearly glabrous, lobes .2 to .35 inch; corolla yellow, center dark-spotted, campanulate to nearly rotate, 5-angled to entire, .4 to .6 inch; stamens 5, included; anthers yellow, blue, or gray, .08 to .16 inch.
Fruits: Fruiting calyx bladdery-inflated, loose-fitting around berry, .8 to 1.2 inch, 10-angled; berry globose, .3 to .6 inch diam.; seeds numerous, reniform to ovate, somewhat flattened, minutely pitted.
Habitat: Tallgrass, mixed-grass, shortgrass, sand, and sandsage prairies, woodland, stream valleys, roadsides, fields, waste areas
Distribution: Occurs statewide
Origin: Native
Uses: Native Americans used the berries for food.
Comments: Plants with yellow anthers, leaves lanceolate to elliptic or narrowly rhombic, thick and firm, and with margins mostly entire are var. longifolia; it occurs statewide. Plants with blue or gray anthers, and leaves lanceolate-ovate to ovate, thin, and with margins sinuate-dentate are var. subglabrata (Mack. & Bush) Cronquist; it occurs primarily east of the Flint Hills.

Common ground-cherry calyx
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Sandsage Bison Range, Finney County, Kansas
Common ground-cherry leaf
63 KB
Sandsage Bison Range, Finney County, Kansas
Common ground-cherry leaf
60 KB
Sandsage Bison Range, Finney County, Kansas
Common ground-cherry stem
62 KB
Sandsage Bison Range, Finney County, Kansas