SHORT-RAY PRAIRIE-CONEFLOWER
File Size: 113 KB
 
Ratibida tagetes   (James ) Barnhart
Grant County, Kansas (photo by Marion McGlohon)
Perennial
Height: 6-20 inches
Family: Asteraceae - Sunflower Family
Flowering Period:   May, June, July, August
Stems: Much-branched from base.
Leaves: Basal and cauline, alternate; petiole present; blade .8 to 3 inches long, .08 to 2.6 inches wide inch wide, proximal narrowly oblanceolate, pinnately lobed, cauline 1-2-pinnatifid, lobes 2-7, linear, .02 to .08 inch wide ultimate margins entire.
Inflorescences: Heads 1-8, radiate, solitary or in corymb-like arrays. Peduncles .2 to 1.6 inches. Phyllaries 10-12 in 2 series, distinct. Receptacles spheric to oblong or ellipsoid, .35 to .5 inch by .24 to .5 inch.
Flowers: Ray florets usually 5-10, sometimes 0; corolla usually reddish brown, sometimes yellow, .12 to .4 inch, sometimes absent. Disk florets 50-200; corolla green or purplish brown, spreading, lobes 5.
Fruits: Achenes black, linear-oblong, .08 to .12 long, .05 to .08 inch wide, glabrous or ciliate distally; pappus a crown of thick, rounded teeth.
Habitat: Rocky to sandy mixed-grass and shortgrass prairies.
Distribution: West 2/3 of Kansas.
Origin: Native
Comments: The Navajo took an infusion of leaves for stomachaches, coughs, and fevers.

Short-ray prairie-coneflower
232 KB
Grant County, Kansas (photo by Marion McGlohon)
Short-ray prairie-coneflower
102 KB
Grant County, Kansas (photo by Marion McGlohon)