File Size: 45 KB
Sanguinaria canadensis  L.
Shawnee County, Kansas
Height: 2-4.7 inches
Family: Papaveraceae - Poppy Family
Flowering Period:   March, April
Stems: Scapose; from rhizomes; sap red.
Leaves: Leaf 1, simple; petiole 1.6 to 5.5 inches; blades reniform to nearly orbiculate, 2.4 to 8 inches long, 3 to 8 inches wide, glabrous, lower surface paler, margins 3-7-lobed, sometimes also crenate.
Inflorescences: Terminal, 1(-3)-flowered.
Flowers: On leafless flowering stalk (scape) arising from ground, usually exceeding leaf; sepals 2, green, elliptic-ovate, .3 to .5 inch long, .2 to .3 inch wide; petals 6-12, unequal, white, oblanceolate or elliptic, .4 to 1.2 inch long, .2 to .5 inch wide; stamens 35-70.
Fruits: Capsules spindle-shaped, 2-valved, 1.2 to 2.4 inches long, .3 to .45 inch wide; seeds reddish brown, ovoid to subglobose, .12 to .15 inch.
Habitat: Rich, maple-basswood, oak-hickory, and floodplain forests.
Distribution: East 1/3 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Uses: When broken or bruised, the rhizome yields a bright red sap. Native Americans used this latex as face paint and to decorate baskets and mats; dyed articles by boiling them in water together with the rhizomes; and used the plant medicinally to treat fevers, diarrhea, ulcers, sores, burns, coughs, croup, and poison ivy.
Comments: Bloodroot is among our first woodland wildflowers to bloom in the spring. The single leaf initially wraps around the flower buds protectively, but soon the bud shoots elongates, drops its 2 sepals, and the petals spread. The flowers close at night, reopening the following morning.

47 KB
Shawnee County, Kansas
Bloodroot leaf
93 KB
Johnson County, Kansas
Bloodroot fruit
77 KB
Johnson County, Kansas
Bloodroot rhizome
103 KB
Johnson County, Kansas
149 KB
Johnson County, Kansas