SMALL SKULLCAP
File Size: 30 KB
 
Scutellaria parvula  Michx.  var. parvula 
Cherokee County, Kansas
Perennial
Height: 2-8 inches
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint Family
Flowering Period:   April, May, June
Also Called: Little skullcap.
Stems: Erect to trailing, 4-sided, often branched at base, abundantly glandular or spreading non-glandular hairy.
Leaves: Opposite, simple, broadly ovate to triangular-ovate, 2/5 to 4/5 inch long, 1/5 to 3/5 inch wide, slightly thickened; surfaces hairy; lateral veins 3-5 on each side of mid-vein, not (or inconspicuously) connecting along the leaf margins; margins mostly entire; base rounded or broadened; principal leaves sessile, basal leaves short-stalked.
Inflorescences: Solitary in leaf axils of upper half of plant; 2 per node; stalk 1/6 to 1/3 inch long.
Flowers: Calyx irregular, 2-lobed, glandular-hairy; shield-like projection arising from upper lobe; corolla 1/4 to 2/5 inch long, blue to purple, 2-lipped; upper lip helmut-like; lower lip flattened, expanded, center white, purple spotted; stamens 4.
Fruits: Nutlets, 4, egg-shaped, brown, surface with prominent bumps, each 1-seeded.
Habitat: Upland prairies and woods, rock ledges, openings on wooded ridges, bluffs; sandy and rocky soils.
Distribution: East 1/3 of Kansas.
Uses: Native Americans used this plant to treat dysentery.
Comments: Due to tuberous swellings, the horizontal rhizomes resemble a string of beads.

Small skullcap leaves
43 KB
Cherokee County, Kansas