SMOOTH YELLOW VIOLET
File Size: 59 KB
 
Viola pubescens  W.T. Aiton
Cherokee County, Kansas
Perennial
Height: 4-16 inches
Family: Violaceae - Violet Family
Flowering Period:   April, May
Also Called: Downy yellow violet, yellow forest-violet.
Stems: Erect or decumbent, 1-several, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; stipules, prominent, leafless, on lower 1/2.
Leaves: Basal leaves 0-5, long stalked, kidney-shaped to broadly egg-shaped; stem leaves 2-4, broadly heart- to egg-shaped, 1.5 to 4 inches long, up to 1/2 inch wider than long, pubescent to glabrous; margins shallow- or sharp-toothed; tips short-pointed; stalks shorter to longer than leaves, softly-hairy to glabrous; stipules broadly egg-shaped to lanceolate, 2/5 to 3/5 inch long.
Inflorescences: Solitary flowers in leaf axils; stalks shorter to longer than leaves, pubescent to glabrous.
Flowers: Sepals 5, 1/4 to 2/5 inch long, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, tips blunt or pointed, margins white, pubescent to glabrous; petals 5, 3/10 to 1/2 inch long, yellow; lower 3 with brownish-purple veins near bases; lateral 2 bearded; lowermost petal swollen on 1 side; stamens 5; small, closed, self-pollinating flowers also occur in upper axils.
Fruits: Capsules, oblong-ovoid, 3/10 to 3/4 inch long, dark green to yellowish-green, conspicuously woolly to sparsely pubescent or glabrous; seeds numerous, tan to brown.
Habitat: Low woodlands, thickets, and along stream banks; rarely in the open.
Distribution: East 1/3 of Kansas.
Uses: Native Americans used an infusion made from yellow violet to treat coughs, colds, and dysentery; a poultice of leaves for headaches; and soaked corn seeds in an infusion of the roots prior to planting to ward off insects.
Comments: One of the first flowers of spring.

Smooth yellow violet flower
58 KB
Cherokee County, Kansas
Smooth yellow violet
53 KB
Cherokee County, Kansas
Smooth yellow violet leaves
87 KB
Cherokee County, Kansas
Smooth yellow violet sepals
54 KB
Cherokee County, Kansas