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Lithospermum caroliniense   (Walt. ) MacMill.
Russell County, Kansas
Height: 8-18 inches
Family: Boraginaceae - Borage Family
Flowering Period:   May, June
Also Called: Puccoon, carolina gromwell.
Stems: Erect, 1 to several, simple or branched above, rough-hairy.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, sessile, crowded, linear to lanceolate, 1 to 2.5 inches long, to 1/2 inch wide, rough-hairy, tiny bump at base of each hair; margins entire; tips somewhat pointed; basal leaves often absent at flowering.
Inflorescences: Cymes, leafy, terminal.
Flowers: Calyces 5-lobed, stiff-hairy, much shorter than corollas; corollas showy, funnel- to trumpet-shaped, tube 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, top limb 1/2 to 1 inch wide, 5-lobed; stamens 5.
Fruits: Nutlets, 4, egg-shaped, hard, smooth, shiny, white, each containing 1 seed.
Habitat: Open, sandy prairies and open woods.
Distribution: East 1/2 of Kansas.
Origin: Native
Uses: Native Americans used the roots of puccoon to treat chest wounds and to produce red face paint and a red dye.
Comments: Puccoon is difficult to transplant.
 See also hoary puccoon and fringed puccoon .

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