File Size: 143 KB
Nepeta cataria  L.
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Height: 1-3 feet
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint Family
Flowering Period:   June, July, August, September
Also Called: Catmint.
Stems: Erect or ascending, 1 to several, branched, 4-sided, grooved, whitish-pubescent above, purplish below.
Leaves: Opposite, simple, stalked, triangular to ovate, 1 to 4 inches long, .75 to 2.75 inches wide, green and lightly pubescent above, gray-hairy to nearly woolly below; margins toothed; tips pointed or blunt.
Inflorescences: Spike-like, .5 to 3.5 inches long, .5 to 1.5 inch wide, many-flowered.
Flowers: Calyces 2-lipped, lobes narrowly triangular, tips tapering to points, hairy; corollas 2-lipped, up to .5 inch long, white with purple or reddish spots, outside pubescent; lower lip 3-lobed, bearded at base inside; stamens 4, 2 long, 2 short.
Fruits: Nutlets, egg-shaped, smooth, slightly flattened, reddish brown, 1-seeded.
Habitat: Sunny or shaded disturbed sites, old farmsteads, waste areas, and thickets.
Distribution: Throughout except southwest corner of Kansas.
Origin: Introduced
Forage Value: Deer sometimes consume catnip.
Uses: Early Europeans made a medicinal tea from catnip and used it to treat convulsions, nervousness, and coughs. Native Americans used it to treat colds, coughs, headaches, fevers, and infant colic.
Comments: An oily substance found in the leaves is irresistible to cats. Catnip was introduced into North America for its purported medicinal qualities. It is now naturalized.

Catnip flowers
71 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Catnip leaves
121 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Catnip inflorescence
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Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Catnip leaf
82 KB
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas