OX-EYE
File Size: 84 KB
 
Heliopsis helianthoides   (L. ) Sweet  var. scabra  (Dunal ) Fernald
Harlan County, Nebraska
Perennial
Height: 2.5-5 feet
Family: Asteraceae - Sunflower Family
Flowering Period:   July, August
Also Called: False sunflower.
Stems: Erect, unbranched or branching above, rough.
Leaves: Opposite, simple, short-stalked, ovate to broadly lanceolate, 2 to 6 inches long, 1 to 3 inches wide, firm, usually rough, often with 3 conspicuous veins arising from bases; margins toothed; tips pointed.
Inflorescences: Heads, 1 to several, terminal, on long naked stalks, 1.25 to 2.75 inches wide; bracts ovate, in 1 or 2 series, pubescent; tips rounded to pointed.
Flowers: Ray florets 10-16, to 1.5 inch long, dark yellow; disk florets numerous, corollas yellow.
Fruits: Achenes, less than 1/4 inch long, 3- or 4-angled, glabrous, reddish brown, tipped with short crown or pappus absent, enclosing small seed.
Habitat: Dry, waste areas, roadsides, open woods, and edges of fields and thickets.
Distribution: East 1/2 of Kansas.
Comments: Livestock and deer sometimes graze ox-eye.

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